Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and oftentimes there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite therapy. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the response is variable and may take many months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, what is diabetic neuropathy radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment differs from medical techniques like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and avoiding annoying factors like typing in wrong positions, usage of hand tools and so on. If signs not minimized by this method, then surgery is also an alternative and is usually curative if no permanent damage to nerve has already happened. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly supportive.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.